A way to fix Plastic Leakages


80 % of Plastic Marine litter is originated from land based activities, it is then clear that Plastic Marine Litter is a consequence of poor plastic waste management on Land. (Source : European Commission)

Plastic enters Oceans from Land because it is either directly thrown in it or in a river, or because it is carried by winds or rains. It is estimated by the OceanCleanup studies that rivers contribute to 10 to 20% of the problem1

(1.14 Million to 2.41 Millions tons of the commonly admitted total number of 8.4 to 12 million tons per year of Plastic in the Oceans). The rest, the majority (80% to 90%) then comes from Coastal areas.

Therefore, 80% of Plastic in our OCEANS was before OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC, which means abandoned plastic waste in specific areas like Riverbanks, River Streams, Coastal Areas.

So our thinking is simply: if we catch OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC, we can solve 80% of the problem!


This is a typical case of OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC found on a riverbank (this one is from Panama City, Panama)

To avoid that this plastic ends in the Ocean there is only 2 ways:

1) Pick it up right here

2) Install a boom or net in the river somewhere downstream.


Both ways work, and until people stop throwing litter in Rivers and waste management improves this is the most direct and efficient approach. No doubts about this.


Look around, collecting garbage is nothing new, companies do it, NGOs do it and waste pickers do it. Therefore our proposal is to rely on those who already do it, preferably the later two.

Now, to make sure than only OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC is picked up and that picked up plastic is well managed Zero Plastic Ocean has developed the first Certification for OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC COLLECTION.

This certification allow the collection organization to sell this OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC as the first CERTIFIED OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC available on the market.


Honestly, the answer is simple. All of us!

Someone has to collect our garbage, and that is nor free, neither profitable, think that collecting garbage is always a cost otherwise it would not stay there.

Citizens alway pay for garbage collection (through direct or indirect taxes or through the price of the products they buy.

However since we think it would be very unpractical to send a bill to 78 billion people we thought companies of the Plastic Value Chain, all of them from Polymer to End users should pay for this collection cost. This is a compensation of their Oceanic Pollution Footprint, also something we certify.



Additionally the organization collecting OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC will be able to sell it as a CERTIFIED PRODUCT for the recycling industry. 

This generates a complementary revenue allowing to collect more OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC or lower the collection cost.


ZPO’s initiative is a tool enabling a standardized relationship between industrials of the plastic value chain and collection organizations (NGOs, Waste Pickers, SMEs). In this framework, the industrial pays for the collection of OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC waste to Certified collectors. The Certification ensures that they only collect OCEAN BOUND PLASTIC and that they manage it well later on (recycling, reuse, valorization or correct final disposal).

The relationship is direct, we at ZPO did not want to get in the way and slow the system.

Please see our video below or contact us if you have any questions, we will happy to answer!

Initiative documents

As mentioned in the certification standard applicable to collection organizations willing to participate in ZPO’s Initiative a template agreement and a minimum price list shall be published in our website. The documents need more field inputs to be completed, so for the time being please contact us via the contact form so we can supply you with case by case information. Footnotes

1) You will read commonly that 90% of Plastic in our Oceans comes from 10 Rivers. This is a misinterpretation of a study by Schmidt, Krauth, Wagner ‘Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea’, Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017. What the study says is that 10 rivers represent 90% of the Plastic carried by Rivers, this is very very different.